Poverty Forces Zimbabweans To Remit By Risk And Resourcefulness by Ishmael Tongai

Writer’s Brief

Zimbabwean Business of Migration

The ongoing crisis in Zimbabwe has led to an estimated exodus of over a million people, from all strata of Zimbabwean society. The Zimbabwean diaspora is now truly global. Yet rather than turning their backs on Zimbabwe, most maintain very close links with the country, returning often and remitting billions of dollars each year. We explore the strategies, structures and methods that Zimbabwean migrants employ to survive economically and maintain their links with home.

(also see Business of Migration)

Reading List

  • Leslie, R 2008, Migration from Zimbabwe: Numbers, needs, and policy options, Centre for Development and Enterprise, Johannesburg. <http://www.cde.org.za/article.php?a_id=280>
  • SAMP Migration Policy Briefs, SAMP Resources: Publications. <http://www.queensu.ca/samp/sampresources/samppublications>
  • Crush, J & Pendleton, W 2007, “Mapping Hostilities: The Geography of Xenophobia in Southern Africa,” South African Geographical Journal, 89(1), 64-82.
  • Crush, J, 1999, “Fortress South Africa and the Deconstruction of the Apartheid Migration Regime”, Geoforum, 30, 1-11.
  • McDonald, D 1999, “Lest the Rhetoric Begin: Migration, Population and the Environment in South Africa”, Geoforum, 30, 13-25.
  • McDonald, D, 1997, “Greener Pastures?: Attitudes Towards Cross-Border Migration in Southern Africa,” Southern Africa Report, 13 (1).
  • Peberdy, S & Rogerson, C 2003, “Creating New Spaces? Immigrant Entrepreneurship in South Africa’s SMME Economy,” In R. Kloosterman and J. Rath, eds., Venturing Abroad: Global Processes and National Peculiarities of Migrant Entrepreneurship in Advanced Economies, Oxford : Berg
  • Peberdy, S 2002, “Imagining Immigration: Inclusive Identities and Exclusive Policies in Post-1994 South Africa”, Africa Today, 48,15-34. 2002
  • Bernstein, A & Weiner, M (eds) 1999, Migration and refugee policies: An overview, London: Pinter Press
  • Tevera, D & Chikanda, A 2009, Migrant Remittances and Household Survival in Zimbabwe, African Books Collective <http://books.google.co.za/books?id=3gcZpJpLcxkC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false>
  • Pendleton, W. C.  “Migration, remittances and development in Southern Africa”, Southern African Migration Project, Southern African Research Centre, Queen’s University, Kingston.
  • Crush, J & Tevera, D 2010, Zimbabwe‘s Exodus: Crisis, Migration, Survival. African Books Collective <http://books.google.co.za/books?id=zlWLv1ruLGQC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false>
  • Crush, J & Frayne, B 2010, Surviving on the move: migration, poverty and development in Southern Africa, Southern African Migration Project, African Books Collective <http://books.google.co.za/books?id=X_CBi4v5_fIC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false>
  • Maphosa, F 2005, “The Impact of Remittances from Zimbabweans Working in South Africa on Rural Livelihoods in the Southern districts of Zimbabwe”, Forced Migration Working Paper Series #14, Forced Migration Studies Programme, University of the Witwatersrand <http://cormsa.org.za/wp-content/uploads/Research/SADC/14_Maphosa.pdf>

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